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Isnin, 5 September - Sejarah

Isnin, 5 September - Sejarah


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Dalam Konvensyen, —Mr. BREARLY, dari Jawatankuasa Sebelas, membuat Laporan selanjutnya, seperti berikut:

"1. Untuk menambah klausa, 'untuk mengisytiharkan perang,' kata-kata, 'dan memberikan surat marque dan balasan.'

"2. Untuk menambah klausa, 'untuk menaikkan dan mendukung pasukan,' kata-kata, 'tetapi tidak ada penggunaan wang untuk penggunaan itu untuk jangka masa yang lebih lama daripada dua tahun.'

"3. Daripada Seksyen 12, Artikel 6, katakan: 'Semua tagihan untuk meningkatkan pendapatan harus berasal dari Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat, dan akan mengalami perubahan dan pindaan oleh Senat: tidak ada uang yang akan diambil dari Perbendaharaan, tetapi sebagai akibat dari peruntukan yang dibuat oleh undang-undang. '

"4. Segera sebelum klausa terakhir dari Bagian I, Pasal 7, masukkan 'Untuk menjalankan undang-undang eksklusif pada semua kasus di daerah seperti itu (tidak melebihi sepuluh mil persegi) sebagaimana yang mungkin, dengan penyerahan Negara-negara tertentu dan penerimaan Badan Perundangan, menjadi pusat pemerintahan Amerika Syarikat; dan menjalankan kuasa seperti di atas semua tempat yang dibeli untuk mendirikan kubu, majalah, gudang senjata, halaman dermaga, dan bangunan lain yang diperlukan. '

"5. Untuk mempromosikan kemajuan sains dan seni yang berguna, dengan memberikan masa terhad kepada pengarang dan penemu, hak eksklusif untuk penulisan dan penemuan masing-masing."

Laporan ini diselesaikan, klausa pertama dipersetujui, nem. kon.

Pada klausa kedua, Mr. GERRY membantah, bahawa ia mengakui peruntukan kepada tentera selama dua tahun, bukannya satu; di mana dia tidak dapat mengerti alasan, yang menyiratkan bahwa harus ada tentara yang tetap, yang dia anggap menentangnya, berbahaya bagi kebebasan — tidak perlu bahkan untuk sebilangan besar negara seperti ini — dan jika perlu, ada batasan terhadap bilangan dan jangka masa yang sepatutnya diberikan. Ini juga bukan masa yang tepat untuk inovasi sedemikian. Rakyat tidak akan menanggungnya.

Tuan SHERMAN menyatakan, bahawa peruntukan itu hanya dibenarkan, tidak diperlukan selama dua tahun. Oleh karena Badan Perundangan akan dipilih setiap dua tahun, akan menjadi tidak menyenangkan jika memerlukan peruntukan selama satu tahun, kerana mungkin tidak ada sesi dalam waktu yang diperlukan untuk memperbaharui mereka. Dia harus dirinya sendiri, katanya, seperti sekatan yang munasabah terhadap jumlah dan kelangsungan tentera pada masa damai.

Klausa socond kemudian dipersetujui, nem. kon.

Klausa ketiga Encik GOUVERNEUR MORRIS bergerak untuk menangguhkan. Telah dipersetujui dalam Komite dengan alasan kompromi; dan dia harus merasa bebas untuk tidak setuju dengannya, jika secara keseluruhan dia tidak boleh berpuas hati dengan bahagian lain yang harus diselesaikan.

Tuan PINCKNEY mengendahkan gerakan.

Mr. SHERMAN adalah untuk memberikan kemudahan kepada mereka yang melihat klausa ini sebagai saat yang sangat baik, dan kerana mempercayai persetujuan mereka dalam langkah-langkah lain yang tepat.

Mengenai soalan penangguhan, -

New Hampshire, Connecticut, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, aye — 9; Massachusetts, Virginia, no-2.

Sebilangan besar klausa keempat ubin yang berkaitan dengan kerusi pemerintah dipersetujui, nem. kon.

Pada residu, untuk mengetahui, "untuk menjalankan kuasa seperti semua tempat yang dibeli untuk benteng, & c."

Mr. GERRY berpendapat bahawa kuasa ini dapat digunakan untuk memperbudak Negara tertentu dengan membeli wilayahnya, dan bahawa pegangan kuat yang diusulkan akan menjadi cara untuk memaksa Negara menjadi ketaatan yang tidak semestinya kepada Pemerintah Umum.

Tuan KING menganggap dirinya sendiri, peruntukan yang tidak perlu, kekuatan yang sudah ada; tetapi akan beralih ke dalam serf, setelah kata "dibeli", kata-kata, "dengan persetujuan Badan Perundangan Negara." Ini pasti akan menjadikan kuasa selamat.

Mr GOUVERNEUR MORRIS memperdengarkan usul, yang dipersetujui, nem. kon .; seperti sisa klausa seperti yang dipinda.

Fasal kelima dipersetujui, nem. kon.

Ketetapan dan ketetapan berikut dilaporkan dari Jawatankuasa Sebelas, untuk mengetahui:

Diselesaikan, bahawa Amerika Serikat di Kongres diminta untuk membenarkan, dan menyebabkan dibayar, kepada Setiausaha dan pegawai Konvensyen ini, jumlah tersebut, sesuai dengan masa perkhidmatan masing-masing seperti yang diizinkan kepada Setiausaha dan pegawai Kongres yang serupa .

"Memerintahkan, agar Setiausaha membuat dan mengirimkan ke pejabat Perbendaharaan Amerika Syarikat, akaun untuk perkhidmatan tersebut dan perbelanjaan sampingan dari Konvensyen ini."

Ketetapan dan ketetapan itu dipersetujui secara berasingan. kon.

Tuan GERRY memberi notis bahawa dia harus beralih ke mempertimbangkan semula Artikel 19, 20, 21, 22.

WILLIAMSON memberikan pemberitahuan serupa mengenai Artikel yang menetapkan jumlah Perwakilan, yang menurutnya terlalu kecil. Dia juga ingin, membenarkan, Rhode Island lebih dari satu, kerana kemungkinan jumlah orangnya, dan sesuai untuk menahan dalih yang timbul dari ketidakhadirannya pada kesempatan itu.

Laporan yang dibuat semalam mengenai pelantikan Eksekutif kemudian diambil, -

PINCKNEY memperbaharui penentangannya terhadap mod itu; dengan alasan pertama, bahawa para pemilih tidak akan mempunyai pengetahuan yang cukup tentang orang-orang yang paling mahir dan akan terpengaruh oleh keterikatan dengan orang-orang terkemuka di negeri masing-masing. Oleh itu, kedua, penyebaran undi akan meninggalkan janji dengan Senat, dan kerana pelantikan semula Presiden akan bergantung kepada Senat, dia akan menjadi satu-satunya makhluk badan itu. Ketiga, dia akan bergabung dengan Senat menentang Dewan Perwakilan. Keempat, perubahan dalam modus pemilihan ini bertujuan untuk menghilangkan kelayakan Presiden untuk kedua kalinya, di mana dia akan tetap hidup seumur hidup di bawah naungan Senat.

Mr. GERRY tidak membantah rancangan penubuhan Eksekutif itu sendiri, tetapi harus diatur dalam suara terakhirnya oleh kuasa yang mungkin diberikan kepada Presiden.

RUTLEDGE sangat menentang rancangan yang dilaporkan oleh Jawatankuasa. Itu akan membuang seluruh kuasa ke Senat. Dia juga menentang kelayakan semula. Dia bergerak untuk menangguhkan Laporan yang sedang dipertimbangkan, dan mengambil rencana awal pelantikan oleh Badan Perundangan, dengan alasan: "Dia akan dipilih melalui surat suara bersama oleh Badan Perundangan, yang mana pemilihan mayoritas suara anggota yang hadir adalah diperlukan. Dia akan memegang jawatannya selama tujuh tahun; tetapi tidak akan dipilih kali kedua "

Atas usul ini untuk menangguhkan, -

North Carolina, South Carolina, aye — 2; Massachusetts, Connecticut, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, Georgia, no-8; New Hampshire. dibahagikan.

Kolonel MASON mengakui bahawa ada keberatan atas janji temu oleh Badan Perundangan, seperti yang direncanakan pada awalnya. Dia belum memutuskan, tetapi akan menyatakan keberatannya terhadap cara yang diusulkan oleh Komite. Pertama, ia meletakkan janji itu, sebenarnya, ke tangan Senat; kerana jarang berlaku bahawa majoriti keseluruhan undi akan jatuh pada salah satu calon; dan sebagai Presiden yang ada akan selalu menjadi salah satu daripada lima tertinggi, pelantikan semula tentunya bergantung pada Senat. Kedua, dengan mempertimbangkan kuasa Presiden dan kuasa Senat, jika gabungan mesti dibuat di antara kedua cabang ini, mereka akan dapat menjatuhkan Perlembagaan. Bantahan besar dengannya akan disingkirkan dengan merampas Senat dari pemilihan akhirnya. Oleh karena itu, dia bergerak untuk mengeluarkan kata-kata, "jika jumlah tersebut menjadi mayoritas dari para Pemilih."

Encik WILLIAMSON memperdengarkan gerakan. Dia tidak dapat menyetujui klausa tersebut tanpa beberapa pengubahsuaian seperti itu. Dia lebih suka membuat yang tertinggi, walaupun tidak memiliki suara terbanyak, Presiden, sebagai rujukan perkara itu ke Senat. Merujuk kepada pelantikan Senat meletakkan asas tertentu untuk rasuah dan bangsawan.

Mr. GOUVERNEUR MORRIS menganggap titik yang lebih kecil daripada yang diharapkan di kedua-dua belah pihak. Ada kemungkinan bahawa majoriti undi akan jatuh pada orang yang sama; kerana setiap Pemilih memberikan dua undi, lebih daripada satu perempat akan memberikan majoriti. Selain itu, kerana satu suara akan diberikan kepada seorang lelaki di luar Negara, dan kerana suara ini tidak akan dibuang, separuh suara akan jatuh pada watak-watak yang terkenal dan diketahui umum. Sekali lagi, sekiranya Presiden sudah pasti memberikan kepuasan, undinya akan mengarah kepadanya; dan majoriti dari mereka akan melantiknya semula, tanpa menggunakan Senat. Sekiranya dia tidak disukai, semua yang tidak suka akan berhati-hati menyatukan suara mereka, untuk memastikan dirinya diganti.

Kolonel MASON. Mereka yang berpendapat tidak ada bahaya untuk tidak menjadi mayoritas untuk orang yang sama pada awalnya, harus melepaskan poin kepada mereka yang berpendapat sebaliknya.

Mr. SHERMAN mengingatkan para penentang cara baru yang diusulkan, bahawa jika Negara-negara kecil mempunyai kelebihan dalam menentukan Senat di antara lima calon tertinggi, Negara-negara besar sebenarnya akan memiliki pencalonan calon-calon ini.

tidak.

Atas usul Kolonel MASON, -.

Maryland, North Carolina, aye; sembilan Negeri yang lain.

WILSON bergerak untuk membatalkan "Senat", dan memasukkan kata "Badan Perundangan."

Mr MADISON menganggapnya sebagai objek utama, untuk menjadikan jalan keluar akhirnya ke mana-mana bahagian Badan Perundangan tidak mungkin. Dia khawatir perubahan yang diusulkan akan mengalihkan perhatian negara-negara besar kepada pemilihan calon, dan bukan bertujuan untuk melantik pegawai itu secara efektif; kerana negara-negara besar akan mendominasi di Badan Perundangan, yang akan memiliki pilihan terakhir daripada calon. Sedangkan, jika Senat, di mana negara-negara kecil mendominasi, harus memiliki pilihan terakhir, upaya bersama dari negara-negara besar adalah untuk membuat pengangkatan pada mulanya konklusif.

Tuan RANDOLPH. Kami, dalam beberapa revolusi rancangan ini, membuat langkah berani untuk beraja. Kami sekarang melakukan perkara yang sama untuk golongan bangsawan. Dia memperhatikan kecenderungan pengaruh seperti itu di Senat terhadap pemilihan Presiden, selain kekuasaannya yang lain, untuk mengubah badan itu menjadi bangsawan yang nyata dan berbahaya.

DICKINSON menyokong untuk memberikan pilihan raya akhirnya kepada Badan Perundangan, bukannya Senat. Itu terlalu banyak pengaruh untuk ditambahkan ke badan itu.

Mengenai soalan yang diajukan oleh Mr. WILSON, -

Pennsylvania, Virginia, Carolina Selatan, aye — 3; Massachusetts, Connecticut, New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland, North Carolina, Georgia, no — 7; New Hampshire, terbahagi. - Encik MADISON dan Mr. WILLIAMSON bergerak untuk mengeluarkan kata "majoriti", dan memasukkan "satu pertiga;" supaya kuasa akhirnya tidak dapat dilaksanakan jika kurang dari majoriti, tetapi tidak kurang dari satu pertiga, Pemilih harus memilih orang yang sama.

Mr.-GERRY keberatan, bahawa ini akan menjadikannya kuasa tiga atau empat Negara untuk memasukkan siapa yang mereka kehendaki.

WILLIAMSON Terdapat tujuh Negeri yang tidak mengandungi satu pertiga orang. Sekiranya Senat melantik, kurang dari satu perenam orang akan mempunyai kuasa.

Mengenai soalan, -

Virginia, North Carolina, aye; sembilan Negeri yang lain, tidak. GERRY mencadangkan, bahawa pemilihan akhirnya harus dibuat oleh enam Senator dan tujuh Perwakilan, yang dipilih dengan suara bersama kedua-dua Dewan.

Tuan KING memperhatikan, bahawa pengaruh Negara-negara kecil di Senat agak seimbang dengan pengaruh Negara-negara besar dalam mengemukakan calon, dan juga oleh persetujuan negara-negara kecil dalam Jawatankuasa dalam klausa yang memberikan asal-usul eksklusif bil wang di Dewan Rakyat.

Kolonel MASON bergerak untuk mengeluarkan kata "lima", dan memasukkan kata "tiga", sebagai calon tertinggi untuk dipilih oleh Senat.

Encik GERRY memperdengarkan gerakan.

Tuan SHERMAN akan segera melepaskan rancangannya. Dia lebih suka tujuh atau tiga belas.

Mengenai soalan yang diajukan oleh Kolonel MASON dan Mr. GERRY, —Virginia, North Carolina, aye; sembilan Negeri, tidak.

SPAIGHT dan Mr. RUTLEDGE bergerak untuk menyerang "lima," dan memasukkan "tiga belas;" yang mana semua

WILLIAMSON bergerak memasukkan, setelah "Pemilih," kata-kata, "siapa yang akan memilih;" supaya Pemilih yang tidak mengundi, tidak dihitung, mungkin tidak menambah jumlah yang diperlukan sebagai majoriti keseluruhan untuk memutuskan pilihan tanpa agensi Senat.

Mengenai soalan ini, —Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, aye — 4; New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, New Jersey, Delaware, South Carolina, Georgia, no — 7.

Mr DICKINSON bergerak, untuk menghilangkan kekaburan dari maksud klausa, seperti yang dijelaskan oleh suara, untuk menambahkan, setelah kata-kata, "jika bilangan tersebut menjadi mayoritas dari jumlah keseluruhan Pemilih," kata "dilantik . "

Atas usul ini, —New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware,. Maryland, Carolina Selatan, Georgia, aye — 9; Virginia, North Carolina, no-2.

Kolonel MASON. Oleh kerana cara pengangkatan sekarang diatur, dia tidak boleh menahan pendapatnya bahawa ini sama sekali tidak boleh diterima. Dia lebih suka Pemerintahan Prusia daripada pemerintahan yang akan menyerahkan semua kekuasaan ke tangan tujuh atau lapan orang, dan memperbaiki aristokrasi yang lebih buruk daripada monarki mutlak.

Kata-kata, "dan mereka memberikan suara mereka," disisipkan, untuk gerakan untuk tujuan itu, setelah kata-kata, "Badan Perundangan dapat menentukan waktu memilih dan mengumpulkan Pemilih," -

Dewan ditangguhkan.


DIGEST PERNIAGAAN: Isnin, 5 September 1988

Eastern akan mula memecat sehingga 4,000 pekerja syarikat penerbangan pada hari Sabtu. Langkah itu menyusuli pemberian bon yang diperintahkan mahkamah sebanyak $ 4,7 juta untuk memberi ganti rugi kepada pekerja yang diberhentikan sekiranya tiga daripada syarikat penerbangan & # x27s memenangi rayuan lebih lanjut untuk menghentikan pemberhentian tersebut. Akhir Jumat, sebuah mahkamah rayuan mengabulkan permintaan Eastern & # x27 untuk mengetepikan perintah yang melarang pemberhentian, tetapi memerintahkan bon tersebut. [Halaman 27.] Wall Street boleh kehilangan hingga 5.000 pekerjaan lagi pada akhir tahun, kata penganalisis. Firma sekuriti di New York City telah mengurangkan gaji sebanyak 15,000 orang pada tahun lalu, sebahagian besarnya kerana pasaran saham Oktober lalu merosot. [27.] Seorang penasihat kewangan hidup mewah sambil berpura-pura melabur dana persaraan sekurang-kurangnya 50 doktor Florida Selatan, kata Biro Penyiasatan Persekutuan. [27.] Perniagaan Media

Volvo telah menambahkan bola sepak ke strategi pemasaran sukan yang dikatakan pembuat kenderaan Sweden telah membantunya dalam pengenalan nama. [30.] ABC menjangkakan akan kehilangan wang pada & # x27 & # x27War and Remembrance & # x27 & # x27 kerana perjanjian perniagaannya dengan Herman Wouk, pengarang novel yang menjadi asas siri mini ini. [30.] Tabloid berbahasa Inggeris baru bermula pada hari Jumaat di Yerusalem. The Nation, yang dimulai setiap minggu, tampaknya bertujuan untuk bersaing dengan The Jerusalem Post, setiap hari. [30.] Berita 12 Long Island telah menarik perhatian industri TV kabel dengan program berita tempatan 24 jam. [30.] Laporan Antarabangsa

Minat Jepun dalam perniagaan anggur Perancis telah menimbulkan ribut di Perancis, di mana Menteri Pertanian telah menolak usaha syarikat Jepun untuk terlibat dengan kebun anggur paling berprestij di Burgundy. Pemilik kebun anggur menegaskan bahawa mereka tidak menjualnya. [27.] Dagangan niaga hadapan indeks saham Jepun & # x27 dimulakan dengan kuat selepas Wall Street & # x27 menunjukkan baik pada hari Jumaat. [28.] Rancangan Bonn untuk menahan cukai simpanan telah menyebabkan pengeluaran pelabur dari deposit tanda Jerman Barat. [32.] Pelantar Teluk Kanada & # x27 di Laut Beaufort adalah jangka panjang yang mahal yang mungkin harus menunggu kenaikan harga minyak hingga $ 25 setong. [32.] Lajur Hari Ini & # x27s

Art D & # x27Lugoff telah menjadikan Gerbang Desa menjadi kuat selama 30 tahun, dan dia tidak akan perlahan. New Yorkers & amp Co. [27.]

Seorang hakim Persekutuan dan firma undang-undang yang gigih berjuang untuk mengawal kes A. H. Robins. Perniagaan dan Undang-Undang. [28.]


DPW Menyambut Hari Pekerja, Isnin, 5 September

(Washington, DC) Jabatan Kerja Raya DC hari ini mengumumkan bagaimana perkhidmatan akan terjejas dalam memperingati Hari Pekerja, Isnin, 5 September 2011.

Koleksi Sampah

Tidak akan ada koleksi sampah dan kitar semula. Koleksi sampah dan kitar semula akan & ldquoslide & rdquo keesokan harinya untuk baki minggu ini. Contohnya, koleksi sampah dan kitar semula hari Isnin & rsquos akan dibuat pada hari Selasa, dan koleksi Selasa & rsquos akan dibuat pada hari Rabu. Di kawasan kejiranan dengan koleksi sampah dua kali seminggu, koleksi Isnin dan Khamis akan dibuat pada hari Selasa dan Jumaat. Koleksi biasanya dibuat pada hari Selasa dan Jumaat, akan dibuat pada hari Rabu dan Sabtu. Bekas sampah dan kitar semula harus dibuang untuk dikumpulkan tidak lebih awal dari pukul 6:30 malam sebelum pengumpulan dan dibuang dari ruang awam pada pukul 8 malam pada hari pengumpulan.

Penguatkuasaan Tempat Letak Kereta

Penguatkuasaan tempat letak kereta, termasuk penulisan tiket untuk tempat letak kenderaan, meter yang telah habis masa berlakunya, pelanggaran jalan dan pelanggaran jam sibuk akan ditangguhkan. DPW juga akan menangguhkan penarik kenderaan terbengkalai. Penguatkuasaan akan disambung semula pada hari Selasa, 6 September. Oleh kerana Warga Negara akan bermain di Taman Nasional pada hujung minggu Hari Pekerja, DPW akan menguatkuasakan sekatan meletak kenderaan di kawasan Taman Negara.

Kaki Bertenaga

The Ft. Totten Transfer Station (4900 John F. McCormack Road, NE) akan ditutup pada hari Isnin, 5 September, untuk pelanggan kediaman dan akan dibuka semula pada hari Selasa, 6 September.

  • Kecuali hari cuti, penduduk boleh membawa sampah dan barang pukal mereka pada hari bekerja (1:00 hingga 5 petang) dan Sabtu (8 pagi hingga 3 petang) ke Ft. Selesai untuk dilupuskan.
  • Hari pembuangan sampah / e-berbasikal / mencincang rumah tangga bulanan seterusnya adalah pada hari Sabtu, 3 September, dari jam 8 pagi hingga 3 petang. Perkhidmatan ini disediakan pada hari Sabtu pertama setiap bulan, kecuali hari cuti. Penduduk boleh membawa barang toksik yang tidak diingini, seperti racun perosak, bateri dan minyak motor. Elektronik, termasuk televisyen, komputer dan telefon bimbit, juga akan diterima. Penduduk boleh membawa sehingga lima kotak dokumen kertas peribadi dan kad kredit yang akan dipotong secara percuma. Kompos juga disediakan untuk penduduk pada hari Sabtu sahaja.
  • Untuk menampung penduduk yang kepercayaan agamanya menghalangnya membawa barang toksik dan elektronik ke drop-off yang dijadualkan pada hari Sabtu pertama bulan ini, DPW akan menerima barang-barang ini di Ft. Stesen Pemindahan Totten pada hari Khamis, 1 September, antara pukul 13:00 dan 19:00. DPW tidak dapat menerima barang untuk dicincang pada hari Khamis kerana Jabatan tidak dapat melindungi dokumen-dokumen ini sehingga kontraktor pencincang tiba pada hari Sabtu pertama bulan tersebut.
  • Petunjuk ke Ft. Totten, 4900 John F. McCormack Road, NE: Perjalanan ke timur di Irving Street, NW, belok kiri di Michigan Avenue, belok kiri di John F. McCormack Road, NE dan terus ke hujung jalan.

Perkhidmatan lain yang ditangguhkan untuk Hari Pekerja termasuk pembersihan jalan dan lorong yang dijadualkan dan pengurangan gangguan. Semua perkhidmatan akan disambung semula pada hari Selasa, 6 September 2011.


    - Pertempuran Huoyi: Li Yuan mengalahkan tentera dinasti Sui, membuka jalan menuju penangkapannya dari ibu kota kekaisaran Chang'an dan akhirnya penubuhan dinasti Tang. - Pemilihan Antipope Theodoric. - Philip of Swabia, Pangeran Hohenstaufen, dinobatkan sebagai Raja Jerman (Raja Rom) - Paus Innocent IV meriam Stanislaus dari Szczepanów, dibunuh oleh raja Bolesław II. - Statuta Kalisz, menjamin keselamatan dan kebebasan peribadi orang Yahudi dan memberi battei din bidang kuasa atas masalah Yahudi, diundangkan oleh Bolesław the Pious, Duke of Greater Poland. - Paus John XXI dipilih. - Stefan Dušan mengisytiharkan dirinya sebagai raja Serbia. - Pertempuran Kulikovo: Pasukan Rusia mengalahkan tentera campuran Tatar dan Mongol, menghentikan kemaraan mereka. - Michelangelo Daud dilancarkan di Piazza della Signoria di Florence. - Pertempuran Orsha: Dalam salah satu pertempuran terbesar abad ini, orang Lithuania dan Poland mengalahkan tentera Rusia. - Pelayaran mengelilingi Magellan – Elcano: Victoria tiba di Seville, secara teknikal melengkapkan pusingan pertama.
      diasaskan oleh laksamana Sepanyol dan gabenor pertama Florida, Pedro Menéndez de Avilés.
    • Knights of Malta mengangkat pengepungan Ottoman dari Malta yang bermula pada 18 Mei.
      pertama kali diuji. (Sepanyol: El Gran Arreo) pengemis dengan ribuan domba beeng dikawal dari pos Argentina Fortín Conesa ke Santa Cruz berhampiran Selat Magellan. [1]
    • Di London, mayat mangsa pembunuhan kedua Jack the Ripper, Annie Chapman, dijumpai.
    • Di England, enam perlawanan Liga Bola Sepak pertama dimainkan.
      - Maharaja Xuanzong dari Tang (w. 762) - Ansgar, uskup agung dan santo Jerman (w. 865) - Ali al-Hadi, Hijazi (Arab Barat), 10 dari Dua Belas Imam (w. 868) - Richard I dari England ( 1199) - Sancho II dari Portugal (w. 1248) - Charles Martel dari Anjou (w. 1295) - Bernardino dari Siena, imam Itali, mubaligh, dan santo (w. 1444) - Catherine of Bologna, biarawati dan santo Itali (d. 1463) [3] - John de Vere, 13th Earl of Oxford, komandan dan ahli politik Inggeris, Lord Great Chamberlain of England (w. 1513) - Henry Medwall, dramatis vernakular Inggeris yang pertama kali dikenali (d. 1501) - Ludovico Ariosto , Penulis drama dan penyair Itali (wafat 1533) - Alfonso Salmeron, pendeta dan sarjana Sepanyol (w. 1585) - Marin Mersenne, ahli matematik Perancis, ahli falsafah, dan teolog (w. 1648) - Toyotomi Hideyori, bangsawan Jepun (wafat 1615) - Johann Friedrich Gronovius, sarjana dan pengkritik Jerman (w. 1671) - Louis, Grand Condé, jeneral Perancis (w. 1686) [4] - Ferdinand IV, Raja Rom (w. 1654) - Nicolas de Grigny, Organis dan komposer Perancis (d. 1703) - François Francoeur, pemain biola dan komposer Perancis (w. 1787) - Ozias Humphry, pelukis dan akademik Inggeris (w. 1810) [5] - Yolande de Polastron, pendidik Perancis (w. 1793) - Tanikaze Kajinosuke, ahli gusti sumo Jepun , Yokozuna ke-4 (w. 1795) - Carl Stenborg, penyanyi, pelakon, dan pengarah opera Sweden (w. 1813) - August Wilhelm Schlegel, penyair dan pengkritik Jerman (w. 1845) - Anne Catherine Emmerich, biarawati dan mistik Jerman ( d. 1824) - Mustafa IV, sultan Uthmaniyyah (w. 1808) - NFS Grundtvig, pendeta Denmark, ahli falsafah, dan pengarang (w. 1872) - Eduard Mörike, pendeta Jerman, penyair, dan akademik (w. 1875) - Charles Étienne Brasseur de Bourbourg, ahli arkeologi Perancis, etnografer, dan sejarawan (w. 1874) - Giuseppina Strepponi, soprano dan pendidik Itali (w. 1897) - Karl von Ditmar, ahli geologi dan penjelajah Jerman (w. 1892) - Jaime Nunó, Sepanyol-Amerika komposer, konduktor, dan pengarah (w. 1908) - Joshua Chamberlain, jeneral dan ahli politik Amerika, Gabenor Maine ke-32 (w. 1914)
    • 1828 - Clarence Cook, pengarang dan pengkritik Amerika (w. 1900) - Frédéric Mistral, penyair dan leksikografer Perancis, pemenang Hadiah Nobel (w. 1914) - Wilhelm Raabe, pengarang dan pelukis Jerman (w. 1910) - Antonín Dvořák, komposer Czech dan akademik (w. 1904) - Paul Chater, ahli perniagaan dan ahli politik India-Hong Kong (w. 1926) - John Jenkins, ahli perniagaan dan ahli politik Amerika-Australia, Perdana Menteri Australia Selatan ke-22 (w. 1923) - Gojong dari Korea (d . 1919) - Georg Michaelis, ahli akademik dan ahli politik Jerman, Canselor ke-6 Jerman (w. 1936) - Maria dari Hati Ilahi, biarawati dan santo Jerman (w. 1899) - WW Jacobs, novelis Inggeris dan penulis cerpen (w. 1943) - Alexander Parvus, ahli teori dan aktivis Belarus-Jerman (w. 1924) - Seth Weeks, pemain mandolin Amerika, komposer, dan pemimpin kumpulan (w. 1953) - José María Pino Suárez , Ahli politik Mexico, Wakil Presiden Mexico, dibunuh dalam rampasan kuasa tentera (w. 1913) - Samuel McLaughlin, ahli perniagaan dan dermawan Kanada, mengasaskan Syarikat McLaughlin Carriage (w. 1972) - James William McCarthy, hakim Amerika (w. 1939) - Alfred Jarry, pengarang dan penulis drama Perancis (wafat 1907)
    • 1873 - David O. McKay, pemimpin agama Amerika, Presiden ke-9 Gereja Yesus Kristus Orang Suci Zaman Akhir (w. 1970) - Inez Knight Allen, mubaligh Mormon dan ahli politik Utah (w. 1937) - Harry Hillman, pelari Amerika dan penghalang (d. 1945)
    • 1881 - Refik Saydam, doktor dan ahli politik Turki, Perdana Menteri Turki ke-5 (meninggal 1942) - Théodore Pilette, pemandu kereta lumba Belgia (w. 1921) - Siegfried Sassoon, kapten, wartawan, dan penyair Inggeris (w. 1967)
    • 1886 - Ninon Vallin, soprano dan aktris Perancis (w. 1961) - Robert A. Taft, peguam dan ahli politik Amerika (w. 1953) - John Samuel Bourque, askar dan ahli politik Kanada (w. 1974)
    • 1894 - Willem Pijper, komposer dan pengkritik Belanda (w. 1947) - Howard Dietz, penerbit dan penulis lagu Amerika (d. 1983) - Jimmie Rodgers, penyanyi-penulis lagu dan gitaris Amerika (w. 1933) - Tilly Devine, dianjurkan Inggeris-Australia ketua jenayah (d. 1970)
    • 1900 - Claude Pepper, peguam dan ahli politik Amerika (tahun 1989) - Hendrik Verwoerd, wartawan dan ahli politik Belanda-Afrika Selatan, Perdana Menteri ke-7 Afrika Selatan (w. 1966) - Jane Arbor, pengarang Inggeris (d. 1994) - Andrei Kirilenko, jurutera dan ahli politik Rusia (w. 1990) - William Wentworth, ahli ekonomi dan ahli politik Australia, Menteri Perkhidmatan Manusia Australia ke-11 (d. 2003) - Józef Noji, pelari Poland (meninggal 1943) - Jean-Louis Barrault, pelakon Perancis dan pengarah (d. 1994) - Patriark Demetrios I dari Constantinople (d. 1991)
    • 1914 - Denys Lasdun, arkitek Inggeris, merancang Teater Nasional Diraja (d. 2001) - NVM Gonzalez, novelis, penyair, dan penulis Filipina (d. 1999) - Jan Sedivka, pemain biola dan pendidik Czech-Australia (d. 2009) - Derek Barton, ahli kimia dan akademik Inggeris-Amerika, pemenang Hadiah Nobel (w. 1998) - Gianni Brera, wartawan dan pengarang Itali (d. 1992)
    • 1919 - Maria Lassnig, pelukis dan akademik Austria (w. 2014) - Harry Secombe, pelakon Welsh-Inggeris (w. 2001)
    • 1921 - Dinko Šakić, komandan kem konsentrasi Kroasia (d. 2008) [6] - Sid Caesar, pelakon dan penulis komik Amerika (w. 2014)
    • 1922 - Lyndon LaRouche, ahli politik dan aktivis Amerika, mengasaskan gerakan LaRouche (w. 2019) - Rasul Gamzatov, penyair Rusia (d. 2003)
    • 1923 - Wilbur Ware, pemain bass dua Amerika (w. 1979) - Wendell H. Ford, letnan Amerika dan ahli politik, Gabenor Kentucky ke-53 (w. 2015)
    • 1924 - Marie-Claire Kirkland, peguam, hakim, dan ahli politik Amerika-Kanada (w. 2016)
    • 1924 - Grace Metalious, pengarang Amerika (tahun 1964)
    • 1924 - Mimi Parent, pelukis Kanada-Swiss (w. 2005) - Jacqueline Ceballos, aktivis Amerika, mengasaskan Veteran Feminis Amerika
    • 1925 - Peter Sellers, pelakon dan pelawak Inggeris (d. 1980) - Bhupen Hazarika, penyanyi-penulis lagu India, penyair, dan pengarah (w. 2011) - Harlan Howard, penulis lagu Amerika (w. 2002)
    • 1927 - Robert L. Rock, askar dan ahli politik Amerika, Leftenan Gabenor Indiana ke-42 (meninggal 2013)
    • 1927 - Marguerite Frank, ahli matematik Amerika-Perancis - Christoph von Dohnányi, konduktor Jerman - Nguyễn Cao Kỳ, jeneral dan ahli politik Vietnam, Perdana Menteri Republik Vietnam ke-16 (w. 2011) - Marion Brown, ahli saksofon dan komposer Amerika (d. 2010)
    • 1931 - John Garrett, askar Inggeris dan ahli politik (w. 2007) - Patsy Cline, penyanyi-penulis lagu dan pemain piano Amerika (w. 1963) - Asha Bhosle, penyanyi India [7]
    • 1933 - Michael Frayn, pengarang dan penulis drama Inggeris
    • 1933 - Jeffrey Koo Sr., jurubank dan ahli perniagaan Taiwan (w. 2012)
    • 1933 - Eric Salzman, komposer, pengeluar dan pengkritik Amerika (w. 2017)
    • 1933 - Maigonis Valdmanis, pemain dan jurulatih bola keranjang Latvia (d. 1999) - Rodrigue Biron, ahli politik Kanada
    • 1934 - Rossbi, pemain ragbi New Zealand (meninggal 2014)
    • 1934 - Peter Maxwell Davies, komposer dan konduktor Inggeris (d. 2016)
    • 1934 - Bernard Donoughue, Baron Donoughue, ahli akademik dan ahli politik Inggeris - Roy Newman, laksamana Inggeris - Edna Adan Ismail, ahli politik dan aktivis Somaliland [8]
    • 1937 - Barbara Frum, wartawan Amerika-Kanada (tahun 1992)
    • 1937 - Archie Goodwin, pengarang dan ilustrator Amerika (w. 1998) - Adrian Cronauer, sarjan Amerika dan tuan rumah radio (w. 2018)
    • 1938 - Kenichi Horie, pelaut Jepun
    • 1938 - Sam Nunn, peguam dan ahli politik Amerika - Carsten Keller, pemain dan jurulatih hoki lapangan Jerman
    • 1939 - Guitar Shorty, penyanyi dan gitaris Amerika - Quentin L. Cook, pemimpin agama Amerika
    • 1940 - Jerzy Robert Nowak, sejarawan dan wartawan Poland
    • 1940 - Jack Prelutsky, pengarang dan penyair Amerika - Bernie Sanders, ahli politik Amerika [9] - Brian Cole, pemain bass Amerika (w. 1972)
    • 1942 - Judith Hann, wartawan dan pengarang Inggeris
    • 1942 - Sal Valentino, penyanyi rock-penulis lagu dan gitaris Amerika - Adelaide C. Eckardt, ahli akademik dan ahli politik Amerika - Peter Bellamy, penyanyi-penulis lagu Inggeris (w. 1991)
    • 1944 - Margaret Hodge, ahli ekonomi dan ahli politik Inggeris
    • 1944 - Terry Jenner, pemain kriket Australia dan jurulatih (w. 2011) - Lem Barney, pemain bola sepak Amerika
    • 1945 - Kelly Groucutt, pemain bass Inggeris (d. 2009)
    • 1945 - Ron "Pigpen" McKernan, penyanyi-penulis lagu Amerika dan pemain papan kekunci (d. 1973)
    • 1945 - Vinko Puljić, kardinal Kroasia
    • 1945 - Rogie Vachon, pemain dan jurulatih hoki ais Kanada - L. C. Greenwood, pemain bola sepak Amerika (2013)
    • 1946 - Aziz Sancar, ahli biologi dan akademik Turki-Amerika, pemenang Hadiah Nobel
    • 1946 - Wong Kan Seng, eksekutif perniagaan Singapura, mantan Timbalan Perdana Menteri Singapura [10] - Valery Afanassiev, pemain piano Rusia dan konduktor
    • 1947 - Halldór Ásgrímsson, akauntan dan ahli politik Iceland, Perdana Menteri Iceland ke-22 (w. 2015)
    • 1947 - Ann Beattie, novelis Amerika dan penulis cerpen
    • 1947 - Benjamin Orr, penyanyi-penulis lagu Amerika dan pemain bass (tahun 2000)
    • 1947 - Marianne Wiggins, pengarang Amerika - Kabuki Besar, ahli gusti Jepun
    • 1948 - Jean-Pierre Monseré, penunggang basikal Belgium (meninggal 1971) - Edward Hinds, ahli fizik dan akademik Inggeris - Ian Davidson, peguam dan ahli politik Scotland
    • 1950 - Zachary Richard, penyanyi-penulis lagu dan penyair Amerika
    • 1950 - Mike Simpson, doktor gigi dan ahli politik Amerika - Tim Gullikson, pemain dan jurulatih tenis Amerika (tahun 1996)
    • 1951 - Tom Gullikson, pemain dan jurulatih tenis Amerika
    • 1951 - John McDonnell, ahli politik Inggeris
    • 1951 - Dezső Ránki, pemain piano Hungaria - Will Lee, pemain bass Amerika
    • 1952 - Geoff Miller, pemain kriket Inggeris
    • 1952 - Graham Mourie, pemain ragbi New Zealand - Pascal Greggory, pelakon Perancis
    • 1953 - Stein-Erik Olsen, gitaris Norway - Mark Lindsay Chapman, pelakon Inggeris
    • 1954 - Ruby Bridges, aktivis hak sivil Amerika
    • 1954 - Michael Shermer, sejarawan Amerika, pengarang, dan akademik, mengasaskan The Skeptics Society - David O'Halloran, pemain bola sepak Australia (meninggal 2013)
    • 1955 - Terry Tempest Williams, ahli alam sekitar Amerika dan pengarang - Mick Brown, pemain dram Amerika
    • 1956 - David Carr, wartawan dan pengarang Amerika (w. 2015)
    • 1956 - Maurice Cheeks, pemain dan jurulatih bola keranjang Amerika
    • 1956 - Stefan Johansson, pemandu kereta lumba Sweden - Walt Easley, pemain bola sepak Amerika (2013) - Bart Batten, ahli gusti Amerika
    • 1958 - Brad Batten, ahli gusti Amerika (t. 2014) - Michael Lardie, pemain papan kekunci Amerika, penulis lagu, dan pengeluar - Aimee Mann, penyanyi-penulis lagu Amerika, gitaris, dan pelakon
    • 1960 - David Steele, pemain bass Inggeris dan penulis lagu
    • 1960 – Aguri Suzuki, Japanese race car driver – Timothy Well, American wrestler (d. 2017) – Alexandros Alexiou, Greek footballer
    • 1963 – Daniel Wolpert, American scientist – Michael Johns, American businessman and political activist
    • 1964 – Joachim Nielsen, Norwegian singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2000)
    • 1964 – Raven, American wrestler – Darlene Zschech, Australian singer-songwriter and pastor
    • 1965 – Tutilo Burger, German Benedictine monk and abbot – Peter Furler, Australian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer – Eerik-Niiles Kross, Estonian politician and diplomat
    • 1967 – James Packer, Australian businessman
    • 1967 – Kimberly Peirce, American director, producer, and screenwriter – Wolfram Klein, German footballer
    • 1968 – Ray Wilson, Scottish singer-songwriter and guitarist – Lars Bohinen, Norwegian footballer and manager
    • 1969 – Oswaldo Ibarra, Ecuadorian footballer
    • 1969 – Chris Powell, English footballer and manager
    • 1969 – Gary Speed, Welsh footballer and manager (d. 2011) – Neko Case, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
    • 1970 – Paul DiPietro, Canadian-Swiss ice hockey player
    • 1970 – Nidal Hasan, American soldier, psychiatrist, and mass murderer
    • 1970 – Latrell Sprewell, American basketball player
    • 1970 – Lodi, American wrestler
    • 1970 – Andy Ward, Irish rugby player and coach
    • 1970 – John Welborn, Australian rugby player – David Arquette, American actor, director, producer, screenwriter, and wrestler
    • 1971 – Martin Freeman, English actor
    • 1971 – Lachlan Murdoch, English-Australian businessman
    • 1971 – Dustin O'Halloran, American pianist and composer
    • 1971 – Daniel Petrov, Bulgarian boxer
    • 1971 – Pierre Sévigny, Canadian ice hockey player and coach – Markus Babbel, German footballer and manager
    • 1972 – Os du Randt, South African rugby player and coach
    • 1972 – Lisa Kennedy Montgomery, American radio and television host – Khamis Al-Dosari, Saudi Arabian footballer (d. 2020)
    • 1973 – Gabrial McNair, American saxophonist, keyboard player, and composer
    • 1973 – Troy Sanders, American singer-songwriter and bass player
    • 1973 – Matteo Strukul, Italian writer and journalist – Marios Agathokleous, Cypriot footballer
    • 1974 – Tanaz Eshaghian, Iranian-American director and producer
    • 1974 – Braulio Luna, Mexican footballer
    • 1974 – Rick Michaels, American wrestler – Lee Eul-yong, South Korean footballer and manager
    • 1975 – Richard Hughes, English drummer
    • 1975 – Chris Latham, Australian rugby player
    • 1975 – Elena Likhovtseva, Russian tennis player
    • 1975 – Larenz Tate, American actor, director, and producer – Gerald Drummond, Costa Rican footballer
    • 1976 – Jervis Drummond, Costa Rican footballer
    • 1976 – Sjeng Schalken, Dutch tennis player
    • 1977 – Jay McKee, Canadian ice hockey player and coach – Gerard Autet, Spanish footballer and manager
    • 1978 – Emanuele Ferraro, Italian footballer
    • 1978 – Gil Meche, American baseball player
    • 1978 – Angela Rawlings, Canadian-American author and poet
    • 1978 – Rebel, American wrestler – Pink, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actress – Kate Abdo, English journalist
    • 1981 – Selim Benachour, Tunisian footballer
    • 1981 – Māris Ļaksa, Latvian basketball player
    • 1981 – Morten Gamst Pedersen, Norwegian footballer
    • 1981 – Jonathan Taylor Thomas, American actor – Travis Daniels, American football player – Kate Beaton, Canadian cartoonist
    • 1983 – Diego Benaglio, Swiss footballer
    • 1983 – Will Blalock, American basketball player
    • 1983 – Chris Judd, Australian footballer
    • 1983 – Wali Lundy, American football player
    • 1983 – Lewis Roberts-Thomson, Australian footballer
    • 1983 – Sarah Stup, American writer and autism activist [11][12] – Bobby Parnell, American baseball player
    • 1984 – Vitaly Petrov, Russian race car driver
    • 1984 – Jürgen Säumel, Austrian footballer
    • 1984 – Tiago Treichel, Brazilian footballer
    • 1984 – Peter Whittingham, English footballer – Tomasz Jodłowiec, Polish footballer – Brett Anderson, Australian rugby league player
    • 1986 – Carlos Bacca, Colombian footballer
    • 1986 – Matt Grothe, American football player
    • 1986 – Dan Hunt, Australian rugby league player
    • 1986 – João Moutinho, Portuguese footballer
    • 1986 – Kirill Nababkin, Russian footballer – Alexandre Bilodeau, Canadian skier
    • 1987 – Danielle Frenkel, Israeli high jumper
    • 1987 – Wiz Khalifa, Haitian rapper and actor
    • 1987 – Illya Marchenko, Ukrainian tennis player
    • 1987 – Marcel Nguyen, German gymnast – Arrelious Benn, American football player
    • 1988 – Chantal Jones, American model and actress
    • 1988 – Rie Kaneto, Japanese swimmer – Gylfi Sigurðsson, Icelandic footballer
    • 1989 – Avicii, Swedish electronic musician (d. 2018) – Matt Barkley, American football player
    • 1990 – Tokelo Rantie, South African footballer
    • 1990 – Musa Nizam, Turkish footballer – Jos Buttler, English cricketer – Ignacio González, Mexican footballer
    • 1991 – Joe Sugg, British vlogger – Nino Niederreiter, Swiss ice hockey player
    • 1992 – Kilian Pruschke, German footballer – Will Bosisto, Australian cricketer
    • 1993 – Yoshikazu Fujita, Japanese rugby union player [13] – Marco Benassi, Italian footballer
    • 1994 – Cameron Dallas, American internet personality
    • 1994 – Bruno Fernandes, Portuguese footballer [14] – Ellie Black, Canadian gymnast [15] – Matheus Leist, Brazilian race car driver – Brennan Malone, American baseball pitcher – Gaten Matarazzo, American actor and singer [16]
      – Arbogast, Frankish general – Pope Sergius I (b. 650) – Leo IV the Khazar, Byzantine emperor (b. 750) – Ahmad ibn Isra'il al-Anbari, Muslim vizier – Antipope Clement III (b. 1029) – Sir Simon Fraser, Scottish knight, hung drawn and quartered by the English – Thomas of Woodstock, 1st Duke of Gloucester, English politician, Lord High Constable of England (b. 1355) – Charles III of Navarre (b. 1361) – John Stokesley, English bishop (b. 1475) – Saint Thomas of Villanueva, Spanish bishop and saint(b. 1488) – Amy Robsart, English noblewoman (b. 1536) – Carlo Gesualdo, Italian lute player and composer (b. 1566) – Robert Fludd, English physician, mathematician, and cosmologist (b. 1574) – John Coke, English civil servant and politician (b. 1563)
    • 1644 – Francis Quarles, English poet and author (b. 1592) – Francisco de Quevedo, Spanish poet and politician (b. 1580) – Joseph Hall, English bishop (b. 1574) – Juan Caramuel y Lobkowitz, Spanish mathematician and philosopher (b. 1606) – Michael Brokoff, Czech sculptor (b. 1686) – Ephraim Williams, American soldier and philanthropist (b. 1715) – Bernard Forest de Bélidor, French mathematician and engineer (b. 1698) – Enoch Poor, American general (b. 1736) – Ann Lee, English-American religious leader (b. 1736) – Peter Simon Pallas, German zoologist and botanist (b. 1741) – John Aitken, Scottish-American publisher (b. 1745) – Frédéric Ozanam, French scholar, co-founded the Society of Saint Vincent de Paul (b. 1813) – Joseph Liouville, French mathematician and academic (b. 1809) – Friedrich Baumfelder, German pianist, composer, and conductor (b. 1836) – Hermann von Helmholtz, German physician and physicist (b. 1821) – Vere St. Leger Goold, Irish tennis player (b. 1853) – Faisal I of Iraq (b. 1883) – Carl Weiss, American physician (b. 1906) – Hemmo Kallio, Finnish actor (b. 1863) – Rıza Nur, Turkish surgeon and politician (b. 1879) – Julius Fučík, Czech journalist (b. 1903) – Jan van Gilse, Dutch composer and conductor (b. 1881) – Richard Strauss, German composer and manager (b. 1864) – André Derain, French painter and sculptor (b. 1880) – Maurice Wilks, English engineer and businessman (d. 1904) – Dorothy Dandridge, American actress and singer (b. 1922) [17]
    • 1965 – Hermann Staudinger, German chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1881) – Bud Collyer, American game show host (b. 1908)
    • 1969 – Alexandra David-Néel, Belgian-French explorer and activist (b. 1868) – Percy Spencer, American engineer, invented the microwave oven (b. 1894) – Wolfgang Windgassen, French-German tenor (b. 1914) – Zero Mostel, American actor and comedian (b. 1915) – Willard Libby, American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1908) – Nisargadatta Maharaj, Indian guru, philosopher, and educator (b. 1897)
    • 1981 – Roy Wilkins, American journalist and activist (b. 1901)
    • 1981 – Hideki Yukawa, Japanese physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1907) – Antonin Magne, French cyclist (b. 1904) – John Franklin Enders, American virologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1887) [18] – Denys Watkins-Pitchford, English author and illustrator (b. 1905) – Alex North, American composer and conductor (b. 1910) – Derek Taylor, English journalist and author (b. 1932) – Moondog, American-German singer-songwriter, drummer, and poet (b. 1916) – Bill Ricker, Canadian entomologist and author (b. 1908) – Laurie Williams, Jamaican cricketer (b. 1968) – Leni Riefenstahl, German actress, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1902) – Frank Thomas, American animator, voice actor, and screenwriter (b. 1913) – Noel Cantwell, Irish cricketer, footballer, and manager (b. 1932)
    • 2005 – Donald Horne, Australian journalist, author, and critic (b. 1921) – Hilda Bernstein, English-South African author and activist (b. 1915)
    • 2006 – Peter Brock, Australian race car driver and sportscaster (b. 1945) – Vincent Serventy, Australian ornithologist, conservationist, and author (b. 1916) – Ralph Plaisted, American explorer (b. 1927) – Aage Bohr, Danish physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1922)
    • 2009 – Mike Bongiorno, American-Italian television host (b. 1924) – Ronald Hamowy, Canadian historian and academic (b. 1937)
    • 2012 – Bill Moggridge, English-American designer, author, and educator, co-founded IDEO (b. 1943)
    • 2012 – Thomas Szasz, Hungarian-American psychiatrist and academic (b. 1920) – Goose Gonsoulin, American football player (b. 1938)
    • 2013 – Don Reichert, Canadian painter and photographer (b. 1932)
    • 2013 – Jean Véronis, French linguist, computer scientist, and blogger (b. 1955) – Marvin Barnes, American basketball player (b. 1952)
    • 2014 – S. Truett Cathy, American businessman, founded Chick-fil-A (b. 1921)
    • 2014 – Sean O'Haire, American wrestler, mixed martial artist, and kick-boxer (b. 1971)
    • 2014 – Magda Olivero, Italian soprano (b. 1910) [19]
    • 2014 – Gerald Wilson, American trumpet player and composer (b. 1918)
    • 2014 – George Zuverink, American baseball player (b. 1924) – Joaquín Andújar, Dominican baseball player (b. 1952)
    • 2015 – Andrew Kohut, American political scientist and academic (b. 1942)
    • 2015 – Tyler Sash, American football player (b. 1988)
    • 2015 – Joost Zwagerman, Dutch author and poet (b. 1963) – Hannes Arch, Austrian race pilot (b. 1967)
    • 2016 – Dragiša Pešić, Montenegrin politician, 5th Prime Minister of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (b. 1954)
    • 2016 – Prince Buster, Jamaican singer-songwriter and producer (b. 1938) – Pierre Bergé, French businessman (b. 1930)
    • 2017 – Blake Heron, American actor (b. 1982)
    • 2017 – Jerry Pournelle, American author and journalist (b. 1933)
    • 2017 – Ljubiša Samardžić, Serbian actor and director (b. 1936)
    • 2017 – Don Williams, American musician (b. 1939) – Gennadi Gagulia, Prime Minister of Abkhazia (b. 1948)
    • 2018 – Chelsi Smith, American singer and beauty pageant winner (b. 1973)

    Daniel Defoe published an pamphlet entitled "A True Relation of the Apparition of One Mrs. Veal the Next Day after her Death to One Mrs. Bargrave at Canterbury the 8th of September, 1705", purporting to document the details of the encounter between the living Mrs. Bargrave and the ghost of her dead neighbor Mrs. Veal.


    Updated August 2017 Price Basket 2008-2017

    Find more on our Latest Updated 2017 Price Basket We created this page to document
    1. Comparison 2008 to 2017
    2. Comparing prices and wages inflation
    %'s Below are approximations
    Price Basket: 32% increase from 2008 to 2017.
    Healthcare: 32% increase from 2008 to 2017.
    Consumer Price Index (CPI) : 15% increase from 2008 to 2017.
    Wages: 12% increase from 2008 to 2017.

    Incuded in the basket Basic Food and Groceries we all buy every week
    Other stats include 2008 - 2017 Each Year Prices for Gas, Movie Ticket, First Class Stamp, College Tuition, Wrangler Jeans, Average House Rent, Average House Purchase, KW/Hr Electric, Wages, Unemployment Percentage, Fed Base Rate Percentage, Dow Jones, Inflation US Gov, CPI US Gov, Gold per Ounce.

    1959 : The Post Office is introducing new direct dial pay phones in the UK which will not require connection via an operator, the new phones will accept 3d, 6d and 1s coins and payment will be needed only after the call is connected.

    Full Size Original Here:
    http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Image:Telephone_box_in_Whitwell.JPG

    September 5th, 1967 : The changes to driving on the right hand side which came into law this weekend caused less problems and accidents than in a normal weekend due to the additional careful driving of Swedish Drivers becoming acquainted to the change.

    Full Size Original Here:
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Countries_driving_on_the_left_or_right.svg

    September 5th, 1978 : In England just off the coast of Harwich Roy Bates has declared that the new state of Sealand is outside British jurisdiction, The new state he has declared is an old abandoned steel antiaircraft fortress built during the second world war 7 miles out to sea. He plans to build a radio station which will also be outside British jurisdiction which will become one of the ever growing Pirate Radio Stations providing entertainment to the British Public.

    Full Size Original Here:
    http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f9/Sealand_fortress.jpg

    1986 : Pan Am Flight 73 was hijacked by four armed men dressed as security guards demanding to be flown to Cyprus at Karachi International Airport in Pakistan. The hijack ended after the aircraft lost power causing the hijackers to fire indiscriminately killing 22 passengers and injuring 150 others.

    Full Size Original Here:
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Pan_Am_747_LAX.jpg

    2002 : President Bush has promised to seek congress approval for "whatever is necessary" to oust Saddam Hussein from power in Iraq, Democrats in the senate are concerned that the president has not yet proved his case to go to war with Iraq.

    Full Size Original Here:
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:George-W-Bush.jpeg

    September 5th, 2004 : The current administration under George Bush is pushing through new laws which end many of the environmental protections put in place under the Clinton administration and maybe the most affected could be the worlds largest temperate rainforest "The Tongass Forest" in Alaska. Under earlier environmental controls "roadless rule" large areas of forestry were protected but there are new large scale logging plans not only for Tongass but other national forests.

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    2007 : Apple has launched it's latest product the iTouch a mixture between an iPhone ( touch screen ) and an iPod which has built in wi-fi and a web browser allowing the device to download music via the onboard wi-fi iTunes store, prices have been announced as $299 with 8 gigabytes of memory for Apples latest gadget.


    Labor Day’s legacy

    In spite of its bloody aftermath, the creation of a Labor Day holiday made waves. In Canada, Prime Minister John Thompson also faced mounting pressure from the labor movement. On July 23, 1894—less than a month after the U.S. bill had passed—Thompson followed Cleveland’s lead in designating the first Monday in September an official holiday for workers.

    But the holiday did not improve conditions for the people it sought to honor, and was little more than lip service from politicians. As the U.S. House Committee on Labor said in its 1894 report on the legislation: “So long as the laboring man can feel that he holds an honorable as well as a useful place in the body politic, so long will he be a loyal and faithful citizen.” It would take another 44 years for the U.S. to set a minimum wage, mandate a shorter workweek, and limit child labor with the 1938 Fair Labor Standards Act.

    Whatever the intentions, the creation of a holiday devoted solely to workers was nonetheless an important achievement for the labor movement. “Labor Day marks a new epoch in the annals of human history,” wrote Samuel Gompers, president of the American Federation of Labor, in the New York Times in 1910. “Among all the festive days of the year. there is not one which stands so conspicuously for social advancement of the common people as the first Monday in September.”


    Labor Day History

    There’s disagreement over how the holiday began. One version is set in September 1882 with the Knights of Labor, the largest and one of the most important American labor organizations at the time. The Knights in New York City held a public parade featuring various labor organizations on September 5 — with the aid of the fledgling Central Labor Union (CLU) of New York. Subsequently, CLU Secretary Matthew Maguire proposed that a national Labor Day holiday be held on the first Monday of each September to mark this successful public demonstration.

    In another version, Labor Day in September was proposed by Peter J. McGuire, a vice president of the American Federation of Labor. In spring 1882, McGuire reportedly proposed a “general holiday for the laboring classes” to the CLU, which would begin with a street parade of organized labor solidarity and end with a picnic fundraiser for local unions. McGuire suggested the first Monday in September as an ideal date for Labor Day because the weather is great at that time of year, and it falls between July 4th and Thanksgiving. Oregon became the first U.S. state to make it an official public holiday. 29 other states had joined by the time the federal government declared it a federal holiday in 1894.

    Maguire or McGuire? Read more on this unusual coincidence in our FAQs below.

    What is the Haymarket affair?

    On May 4, 1886 — at a time when most American laborers worked 18 or even 20 hours a day — tens of thousands of workers protested in cities all across the U.S. to demand an eight-hour workday. Police in Chicago attacked both those peaceful protests and a workers planning meeting two days later, randomly beating and shooting at the planning group and killing six. When outraged Chicagoans attended an initially peaceful protest the next evening in Haymarket Square, police advanced on the crowd again. Someone who was never identified detonated a bomb that killed a police officer, leading cops to open fire on protesters and provoke violence that led to the deaths of about a dozen workers and police.

    The Pullman strike

    Ironically, Chicago was also the setting for the bloody Pullman strike of 1894, which catalyzed the establishment of an official Labor Day holiday in the U.S. on the first Monday of September.

    The strike happened in May in the company town of Pullman, Chicago, a factory location established by luxury railroad car manufacturer the Pullman Company. The inequality of the town was more than apparent. Company owner George Pullman lived in a mansion while most laborers stayed in barracks-style dormitories. When a nationwide depression struck in 1893, Pullman decided to cut costs the way a lot of executives at the time did — by lowering wages by almost 30% while he kept the rent on the dormitories he leased to his workers at pre-depression levels.

    Railroad boycott

    These conditions ultimately led workers to strike on May 11, 1894. The walkout gained the support of the nationwide American Railroad Union (ARU), which declared that ARU members would no longer work on trains that included Pullman cars. That national boycott would end up bringing the railroads west of Chicago to a standstill and led to 125,000 workers across 29 railroad companies quitting their jobs rather than breaking the boycott.

    When the Chicago railroad companies hired strikebreakers as replacements, strikers also took various actions to stop the trains. The General Managers Association, which represented local railroad companies, countered by inducing U.S. Attorney General Richard Olney, a former railroad attorney, to intervene. Indianapolis federal courts granted Olney an injunction against the strike, a move that allowed President Grover Cleveland to send in federal troops to break it up.

    A few days later, Cleveland realized that he had to act quickly to appease the country’s increasingly agitated labor movement. But he didn’t want to commemorate the Haymarket incident with a May holiday that would invoke radical worker sentiment. So Cleveland harkened back to the first established September 1882 holiday and signed into law that Labor Day in the U.S. would be celebrated on the first Monday in September.


    Oil went nuts after Russia and Saudi Arabia talked about freezing output

    At a press conference during the G20 summit currently going on in China, Saudi Arabia's energy minister Khalid al-Falih told reporters that the two countries held discussions about the state of the oil markets which brought them "closer together," according to a Reuters report.

    Al-Falih's conference was trailed as a "significant announcement" and appears to have disappointed many market participants, who were expecting that a decisive plan of action may be announced. As a result, the price of oil slipped somewhat from its pre-conference position.

    Prior to the announcement, both major oil benchmarks were higher by more than 4.5%, but both have now dropped substantially as of around 3:25 p.m. BST (10:25 a.m. ET). Here's how US WTI crude looks (note the substantial drop since mid-morning):

    The announcement came after Saudi deputy crown prince Mohammed bin Salman told Russian President Vladimir Putin on the sidelines of the summit that cooperation between the two countries would bring benefit to the global oil market, according to a report from Reuters.

    Russia and Saudi Arabia are probably the two most important oil producers on the planet, with Saudi Arabia the de facto leader of the OPEC cartel of oil-producing nations. Russia, alongside the USA, is one of the two biggest non-OPEC producers. What the two nations do regarding oil policy has profound effects on the markets. For example, at April's massively anticipated OPEC meeting about a freeze in production, Saudi Arabia refused to cooperate unless Iran joined in any production freeze, and, as a result the meeting ended up as a damp squib.

    With the two nations starting to work together, hopes for a solution to the massive glut in the oil industry are rising. However, we have seen promises of co-operation before. For instance, in August, Russian oil minister Alexander Novak told a Saudi newspaper: " With regard to the cooperation with Saudi Arabia, the dialogue between our two countries is developing in a tangible way, whether in the framework of a multi-party structure or on a bilateral level."


    Hari Buruh

    Editor kami akan menyemak apa yang telah anda kirimkan dan menentukan apakah akan menyemak semula artikel tersebut.

    Hari Buruh, in the United States and Canada, holiday (first Monday in September) honouring workers and recognizing their contributions to society. In many other countries May Day serves a similar purpose.

    When is Labor Day?

    Labor Day is celebrated on the first Monday of September in the United States and Canada. In 2020 Labor Day is on September 7.

    What is the purpose of Labor Day?

    The purpose of Labor Day is to honour workers and recognize their contributions to society.

    Where did Labor Day come from?

    Union leader Peter J. McGuire is generally given credit for the idea of Labor Day in the United States, but it was likely another leader, Matthew Maguire, who suggested to the Central Labor Union of New York a celebration honouring workers. This resulted in a parade of some 10,000 workers on September 5, 1882. By 1885 Labor Day celebrations were being held in a number of states, and in 1894 U.S. President Grover Cleveland signed into law a bill making Labor Day a national holiday.

    What is Labor Day weekend?

    Because many workers are not required to work on Labor Day, which is on a Monday, the weekend before the holiday has become known as Labor Day weekend. The long weekend is often used to celebrate with friends and family.

    What is the difference between Labor Day and May Day?

    Though Labor Day and May Day are both holidays intended to honour labourers, U.S. President Grover Cleveland was uneasy with the socialist origins of May Day, and in 1894 he made Labor Day the official U.S. holiday.

    In the United States, Peter J. McGuire, a union leader who had founded the United Brotherhood of Carpenters in 1881, is generally given credit for the idea of Labor Day. In 1882 he suggested to the Central Labor Union of New York that there be a celebration honouring American workers. On September 5 some 10,000 workers, under the sponsorship of the Knights of Labor, held a parade in New York City. There was no particular significance to the date, and McGuire said that it was chosen because it fell roughly halfway between the Fourth of July holiday and Thanksgiving. In 1884 the Knights of Labor adopted a resolution that the first Monday in September be considered Labor Day. The idea quickly spread, and by the following year Labor Day celebrations were being held in a number of states. Oregon became the first state, in 1887, to grant legal status to the holiday (although the state initially celebrated it on the first Saturday in June). That same year Colorado, New York, Massachusetts, and New Jersey established the holiday on the first Monday in September, and other states soon followed. In 1894 the Pullman strike in Illinois, as well as a series of unemployed workers’ riots on May Day in Cleveland, prompted U.S. Pres. Grover Cleveland to propose a bill that would make Labor Day a national public holiday. The bill, which was crafted in part to deflect attention from May Day (an unofficial observance rooted in socialist movements), was signed into law in June of that year.

    Over the years, particularly as the influence of unions waned, the significance of Labor Day in the United States changed. For many people it became an end-of-summer celebration and a long weekend for family get-togethers. At the same time, it has continued to be celebrated with parades and speeches, as well as political rallies, and the day is sometimes the official kickoff date for national political campaigns.

    In Canada the first parades of workers were held in 1872 in Ottawa and Toronto, and later in that year the law making labour unions illegal was repealed. McGuire was invited to speak at the celebration in 1882. In 1894 Parliament officially recognized the holiday in Canada.

    Most other countries honour workers on May Day (May 1). The day was a major holiday in communist countries, and it continues to be important where left-wing political parties and labour movements wield influence.

    Penyunting Ensiklopedia Britannica Artikel ini baru-baru ini disemak dan dikemas kini oleh Amy Tikkanen, Pengurus Pembetulan.


    UPI Almanac for Monday, Sept. 5, 2016

    Today is Monday, Sept. 5, the 249th day of 2016 with 117 to follow.

    This is Labor Day in the United States.

    The moon is waxing. Morning stars are Neptune and Uranus. Evening stars are Venus, Mercury, Mars, Saturn and Neptune.

    Those born on this date are under the sign of Virgo. They include French King Louis XIV in 1638 outlaw Jesse James in 1847 distiller Jack Daniel in 1846 baseball Hall of Fame member Napoleon Lajoie in 1874 marketing research engineer A.C. Nielsen in 1897 movie producer Darryl F. Zanuck in 1902 author Arthur Koestler in 1905 retired Federal Reserve Board Chairman Paul Volcker in 1927 (age 89) comedian Bob Newhart in 1929 (age 87) singer/actor Carol Lawrence in 1932 (age 84) actor William Devane in 1937 (age 79) actor George Lazenby in 1939 (age 77) actor Raquel Welch in 1940 (age 76) film director Werner Herzog in 1942 (age 74) singer Al Stewart in 1945 (age 71) singer Loudon Wainwright III in 1946 (age 70) singer Freddie Mercury (Queen) in 1946 actor Dennis Dugan in 1946 (age 70) cartoonist Cathy Guisewite in 1950 (age 66) actor Michael Keaton in 1951 (age 65) rock musician Dweezil Zappa in 1969 (age 47).

    In 1774, the first Continental Congress convened in secret in Philadelphia.

    In 1877, Oglala Sioux chief Crazy Horse was fatally bayoneted by a U.S. soldier after resisting confinement in a guardhouse at Fort Robinson, Neb. A year earlier, Crazy Horse was among the Sioux leaders who defeated George Armstrong Custer's Seventh Cavalry at the Battle of Little Bighorn in Montana Territory.

    In 1882, 10,000 workers marched in the first Labor Day parade -- in New York City.

    In 1935, singing cowboy Gene Autry starred in his first Western feature, "Tumbling Tumbleweeds."

    In 1972, Palestinian militants invaded the Olympic Village outside Munich, West Germany, and killed 11 Israeli athletes and six other people.

    In 1975, Lynette "Squeaky" Fromme, a follower of mass murderer Charles Manson, failed in an attempt to shoot U.S. President Gerald Ford. Fromme was paroled in 2009 after 34 years in prison.

    In 1995, France conducted an underground nuclear test at the Mururoa Atoll in the South Pacific. It was the first of several -- all of which were met by protests worldwide.

    In 2006, Katie Couric, longtime co-host of the NBC Today Show, became the first solo female anchor on a major U.S. television network when she took over the "CBS Evening News."

    In 2007, wealthy, record-setting U.S. adventurer-aviator Steve Fossett, 63, vanished on a short flight in western Nevada. (He was declared dead five months later.) Among his many records, he was the first person to fly around the world solo in a balloon and first to fly around the globe solo without refueling.

    In 2012, a suitcase containing a human torso was found floating in Lake Ontario. Police said the remains, and other body parts discovered in Toronto-area parks and waterways, were those of Guang Hua Liu, 41, missing since mid-August. Her former boyfriend, Chun Qi Jiang, 40, was arrested. He was convicted of second-degree murder and sentenced to life in prison.

    In 2013, Walmart workers staged protests in at least 15 cities. They said they wanted better jobs and higher pay (at least $25,000 for full-time employees). A Walmart representative called the protests "a handful of union-orchestrated media stunts."

    In 2014, U.S. officials said Ahmed Abdi Godane, leader of the Somalia-based Islamic militant organization al-Shabab, was killed in an American airstrike. In 2012, the United States had posted a $7 million reward for his arrest.

    A thought for the day: "No one is born hating another person because of the color of his skin, or his background, or his religion." -- Nelson Mandela


    Tonton videonya: Ekskursija pa Maltu un Gozo 1994. gada februāris #Quagmi (Jun 2022).


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